Aquaculture. Fao: a sector to be encouraged and regulated
The goal is to innovate technology to meet the global demand for aquatic food
18, May 2023
Aquaculture has made tremendous progress in recent decades and is set to produce most of the ever-increasing demand for aquatic food. The sector therefore needs global guidelines. This was discussed at the last international conference "Aquaculture Millennium +20", recently held in Shanghai and promoted by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
"Given that aquaculture currently provides about 50 percent of aquatic food and given its potential to contribute to so many United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, we all need to focus on how to move it forward sustainably," said Xinhua Yuan, FAO Deputy Director for Aquaculture. "Fish and other aquatic products can and will play an important role in meeting the food needs of all people, helping to improve the resilience of the global food system, while also meeting the food security needs of the poorest," added the executive.
During the Shanghai conference, eight articles by as many experts were illustrated, published in the special issue of the Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, which coincides with the 12th session of the Subcommittee on Aquaculture of the FAO Fisheries Committee, the intergovernmental forum that guides the United Nations body in formulating opinions on aquaculture and fisheries policies. One of the main items on the agenda of the subcommittee, which will be held May 16-19 in Hermosillo, Mexico, is the consideration of the new draft voluntary guidelines for sustainable aquaculture (GSA) and the publication of these thematic reviews provides a useful context for these discussions.
The goal is to achieve the further intensification and expansion of aquaculture in a sustainable way, so as to meet the global demand for aquatic food and distribute the benefits fairly, with attention to social responsibility, pollution and other considerations, he added. Innovative technologies that can increase productivity and reduce waste, as well as improve the inclusion of small players in the industry, are widely available but need to be applied, particularly outside Asia, and targeted in areas where aquaculture has the greatest potential for growth. Furthermore, aquaculture practices produce fewer greenhouse gas emissions on average than other forms of livestock production.